Category: Critical Theory

By Gerald Raunig

In this "concise philosophy of the machine," Gerald Raunig offers a old and significant backdrop to an idea proposed 40 years in the past through the French philosophers Félix Guattari and Gilles Deleuze: the laptop, now not as a technical machine and equipment, yet as a social composition and concatenation. This belief of the computer as an association of technical, physically, highbrow, and social elements subverts the competition among guy and computing device, organism and mechanism, person and group. Drawing from an strange diversity of flicks, literature, and performance--from the function of bicycles in Flann O'Brien's fiction to Vittorio de Sica's Neorealist movie The Bicycle Thieves, and from Karl Marx's "Fragment on Machines" to the deus ex machina of Greek drama--Raunig arrives at an improved perception of the computer as a social stream, discovering its so much apt and urban manifestation within the Euromayday move, which due to the fact that 2001 has turn into a transnational activist and discursive perform targeted upon the precarious nature of work and lives.

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By Kevin Fox Gotham, Daniel A. Krier

Filenote: epub retail
Author note: Harry Dahms (Editor)
ISBN: 9781849505383
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Abstract
Since Karl Marx formed his thought of capitalism within the 19th century, students have always up-to-date Marxian conception to seize the pervasiveness of commodity relatives in smooth society. inspired by means of Georg Lukács and Henri Lefebvre, the contributors of the French avant-guard staff, the Situationist foreign (1957–1972), constructed an intransigent critique of shopper capitalism according to the idea that of the spectacle. within the spectacle, media and patron society substitute lived adventure, the passive gaze of pictures supplants lively social participation, and new varieties of alienation set off social atomization at a extra summary point than in prior societies.

We undertaking to make theoretical contributions: First, we spotlight the contributions of the Situationist overseas, declaring how they revised the Marxian different types of alienation, commodification, and reification to be able to study the dynamics of 20th century capitalism and to offer those techniques new explanatory strength. moment, we construct a serious concept of patron capitalism that comes with the theoretical assumptions and arguments of the Situationists and the Frankfurt college.

Today, serious thought could make an incredible contribution to sociology by way of severely interpreting the plurality of spectacles and their reifying manifestations. additionally, severe theorists can discover how diverse spectacles connect with each other, how they hook up with diverse social associations, and the way spectacles convey contradictions and conflicting meanings. A serious conception of spectacle and intake can expose either novelties and discontinuities within the present interval, in addition to continuities within the improvement of globalized patron capitalism.

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By Michel Foucault

What does it suggest to put in writing "This isn't a pipe" throughout a bluntly literal portray of a pipe? René Magritte's well-known canvas offers the start line for a pleasant homage via French thinker and historian Michel Foucault. far better recognized for his incisive and mordant explorations of energy and social exclusion, Foucault the following assumes a extra playful stance. via exploring the nuances and ambiguities of Magritte's visible critique of language, he reveals the painter much less got rid of than formerly idea from the pioneers of contemporary abstraction.

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By Yvonne Sherratt

This e-book deals a significantly new interpretation of the paintings of Theodor Adorno. not like the normal view that Adorno's is in essence a serious philosophy, Yvonne Sherratt systematically lines an utopian thesis that pervades all of the significant features of Adorno's inspiration. She locations Adorno's paintings within the context of German Idealist and later Marxist and Freudian traditions, after which analyzes his key works to teach how the cultured, epistemological, mental, historic and sociological suggestion interconnect to shape an utopian snapshot.

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By M.M. Bakhtin

Rescued in 1972 from a storeroom within which rats and seeping water had significantly broken the fifty-year-old manuscript, this article is the earliest significant paintings (1919-1921) of the good Russian thinker M. M. Bakhtin. Toward a Philosophy of the Act comprises the 1st occurrences of topics that occupied Bakhtin all through his lengthy profession. the subjects of authoring, accountability, self and different, the ethical value of "outsideness," participatory pondering, the results for the person topic of getting "no-alibi in existence," the variation among the realm as skilled in activities and the realm as represented in discourse—all are broached right here within the warmth of discovery. this is often the "heart of the center" of Bakhtin, the heart of the discussion among being and language, the area and brain, "the given" and "the created" that types the center of Bakhtin's precise dialogism.

A detailed characteristic of this paintings is Bakhtin's fight with the philosophy of Immanuel Kant. placed very easily, this article is an try to transcend Kant's formula of the moral principal. mci could be very important for students around the humanities as they grapple with the more and more vexed dating among aesthetics and ethics.

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By Simon Tormey

This ebook is the 1st complete consultant and creation to the crucial theorists within the post-marxist highbrow culture. In jargon loose language it seeks to unpack, clarify, and assessment the various key figures in the back of the rethinking of the legacy of Marx and Marxism in thought and perform. Key thinkers lined contain Cornelius Castoriadis, Jean-Francois Lyotard, Deleuze and Guattari, Laclau and Mouffe, Agnes Heller, Jacques Derrida, Jurgen Habermas and post-Marxist feminism. Underlying the full textual content is the critical query: what's Post-Marxism? every one bankruptcy covers a key philosopher or contribution and therefore will be learn as a stand on my own advent to the vital features in their procedure. every one bankruptcy can be via a precis of key issues with a advisor to extra studying.

 

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By Val Plumwood

During this much-needed account of what has long past incorrect in our pondering the surroundings, Val Plumwood digs on the roots of environmental degradation. She argues that we have to see nature as an finish itself, instead of an device to get what we need. utilizing a variety of examples, Plumwood offers a noticeably new photograph of ways our tradition needs to switch to deal with nature.

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By Christopher Butler

Postmodernism has turn into the buzzword of up to date society over the past decade. yet how can it's outlined? during this hugely readable creation the mysteries of this such a lot elusive of innovations are unraveled, casting a severe gentle upon the way in which we are living now, from the politicizing of museum tradition to the cult of the politically right. the most important postmodernist principles are explored and challenged, as they determine within the concept, philosophy, politics, ethics and art of the interval, and it truly is proven how they've got interacted inside a postmodernist culture.

About the sequence: Combining authority with wit, accessibility, and magnificence, Very brief Introductions offer an advent to a couple of life's best subject matters. Written through specialists for the newcomer, they exhibit the best modern brooding about the important difficulties and matters in thousands of key issues, from philosophy to Freud, quantum conception to Islam.

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Repeating Žižek bargains a significant engagement with the information and propositions of thinker Slavoj Žižek. frequently subjecting Žižek's paintings to a Žižekian research, this volume's individuals reflect on the chance (or impossibility) of formalizing Žižek's principles into an identifiable philosophical method. They learn his interpretations of Hegel, Plato, and Lacan, define his debates with Badiou, and overview the results of his research of politics and capitalism upon Marxist concept. different essays concentrate on Žižek's method of Christianity and Islam, his "sloppy" approach to interpreting texts, his relation to present advancements in neurobiology, and his theorization of animals. The publication ends with an afterword by way of Žižek during which he analyzes Shakespeare's and Beckett's performs when it comes to the topic. The individuals don't succeed in a consensus on defining a Žižekian institution of philosophy—perhaps his idiosyncratic and infrequently heterogeneous rules easily face up to synthesis—but even of their repetition of Žižek, they convey whatever new and vital.Contributors. Henrik Jøker Bjerre, Bruno Bosteels, Agon Hamza, Brian Benjamin Hansen, Adrian Johnston, Katja Kolšek, Adam Kotsko, Catherine Malabou, Benjamin Noys, Geoff Pfeifer, Frank Ruda, Oxana Timofeeva, Samo Tomsic, Gabriel Tupinambá, Fabio Vighi, Gavin Walker, Sead Zimeri, Slavoj Žižek

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By Fabian Freyenhagen

Theodor W. Adorno encouraged a lot of Germany’s Nineteen Sixties pupil circulation, yet he got here more and more into clash with this circulate concerning the sensible implications of his severe thought. Others – together with his buddy and colleague Herbert Marcuse – additionally accused Adorno of a quietism that's politically objectionable and in contradiction along with his personal idea. listed here, I reconstruct, and in part protect, Adorno’s perspectives on idea and (political) praxis in Germany’s Sixties in eleven theses. His usually attacked and maligned stance in the course of the Sixties relies on his research of those old situations. placed provocatively, his stance is composed within the view that folks within the Nineteen Sixties have attempted to alter the realm, in a variety of methods; the purpose – at the moment – was once to interpret it.

This article was once initially conceived as a part of Adorno’s useful Philosophy and may be regarded as indispensable to it.

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