Category: Linguistics

By George Lakoff, Mark Turner

"The authors repair metaphor to our lives through displaying us that it really is by no means long past away. we now have simply been taught to speak as though it had: as if climate maps have been extra 'real' than the breath of autumn; as if, for that topic, cause used to be fairly 'cool.' What we are asserting every time we are saying is a subject this ebook illumines for somebody attentive." — Hugh Kenner, Johns Hopkins University

"In this daring and robust booklet, Lakoff and Turner proceed their use of metaphor to teach how our minds pay money for the realm. they've got accomplished not anything under a postmodern knowing Poetry, a brand new manner of examining and instructing that makes poetry back important." — Norman Holland, college of Florida

Show description

Read more

Contents quantity 1
Preface............................................ vii
I. creation: Syntax in Linguistics
1. Syntax − The country of a arguable paintings · Tibor Kiss and Artemis
Alexiadou ....................................... 1
2. SyntacticConstructions·PeterSvenonius .................... 15
3. SyntaxanditsInterfaces:AnOverview·LouiseMycock . . . . . . . . . . . 24
II. The Syntactic Tradition
4. TheIndianGrammaticalTradition·PeterRaster . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 70
5. ArabicSyntacticResearch·JonathanOwens . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 99
6. Prestructuralist and Structuralist techniques to Syntax · Pieter A. M. Seuren 134
III. Syntactic Phenomena
7. Syntactic different types and Subcategories · Hans-Jürgen Sasse . . . . . . . . . 158
8. GrammaticalRelations·BeatricePrimus ..................... 218
9. ArgumentsandAdjuncts·PeterAckema ..................... 246
10. The Morpho-Syntactic Realisation of Negation · Hedde Zeijlstra . . . . . . . 274
11. TheSyntacticRoleofAgreement·StephenWechsler . . . . . . . . . . . . . 309
12. VerbSecond·AndersHolmberg .......................... 342
13. DiscourseConfigurationality·KatalinÉ.Kiss . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 383
14. Control·BarbaraStiebels ............................. 412
15. PronominalAnaphora·SilkeFischer ....................... 446
16. Coordination·KatharinaHartmann ........................ 478
17. WordOrder·WernerFrey ............................. 514
18. Ellipsis·LobkeAelbrecht ............................. 562
19. Syntactic results of Cliticization · Anna Cardinaletti . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 595
20. Ergativity·AmyRoseDeal ............................ 654
21. RelativeClausesandCorrelatives·RajeshBhatt . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 708
22. VoiceandValenceChange·EditDoron ..................... 749
23. Syntax and Grammar of Idioms and Collocations · Christiane Fellbaum . . . 777
xii Contents
Volume 2
IV. Syntactic Models
24. Minimalism·MarcRichards ............................ 803
25. Lexical-Functional Grammar · Miriam Butt and Tracy Holloway King . . . 839
26. Optimality-TheoreticSyntax·GereonMüller . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 875
27. HPSG−ASynopsis·StefanMüller ....................... 937
28. ConstructionGrammar·MirjamFried ...................... 974
29. Foundations of Dependency and Valency concept · Michael Klotz . . . . . . 1004
30. DependencyGrammar·TimothyOsborne .................... 1027
31. Categorial Grammar · Jason Baldridge and Frederick Hoyt
. ......... 1045
. ......... 1088
. ......... 1128
. ......... 1154
. ......... 1198
. ......... 1256
V. Interfaces
32. Syntax and the Lexicon · Artemis Alexiadou . . .
33. The Syntax-Morphology Interface · Heidi Harley .
34. Phonological proof in Syntax · Michael Wagner
35. The Syntax-Semantics Interface · Winfried Lechner
36. The Syntax-Pragmatics Interface · George Tsoulas
. ... . . ... . ... . ... . . ... .
VI. Theoretical ways to chose Syntactic Phenomena
37. ArgumentsandAdjuncts·DanielHole ...................... 1284
38. ModelsofControl·TiborKiss .......................... 1321
39. TheoriesofBinding·SilkeFischer ........................ 1357
40. WordOrder·KlausAbels .........................
Volume 3
VII. Syntactic Sketches
41. German:AGrammaticalSketch·StefanMüller . . . . . . . . . . . .
42. Hindi-Urdu: important matters in Syntax · Alice Davison . . . . . . . . .
43. Mandarin·LisaL.-S.ChengandRintSybesma . . . . . . . . . . . . .
44. Japanese·TakaoGunji ...........................
45. Georgian·AliceC.HarrisandNinoAmiridze . . . . . . . . . . . . .
46. TheBantuLanguages·LestonChandlerBuell . . . . . . . . . . . . .
47. Tagalog·PaulSchachter ..........................
48. Warlpiri · Kenneth L. Hale, Mary Laughren and Jane Simpson . . . .
49. CreoleLanguages·DerekBickerton ...................
50. Northern Straits Salish · Ewa Czaykowska-Higgins and Janet Leonard
51. SyntacticSketch:Bora·FrankSeifart ..................
. ... 1400
. ... 1447 . ... 1478 . ... 1518 . ... 1559 . ... 1588 . ... 1622 . ... 1658 . ... 1677 . ... 1710
... 1726 . ... 1764
Contents
xiii
VIII. The Cognitive Perspective
52. SyntaxandLanguageAcquisition·SonjaEisenbeiss . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
53. SyntaxandLanguageDisorders·MartinaPenke . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
54. SyntaxandLanguageProcessing·ClaudiaFelser . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
IX. past Syntax
55. SyntaxandCorpora·HeikeZinsmeister .....................
56. SyntaxandStylistics·MonikaDoherty .....................
57. SyntaxandLexicography·RainerOsswald ...................
58. Computational Syntax · Emily M. Bender, Stephen Clark and Tracy
HollowayKing ....................................
59. ReferenceGrammars·IrinaNikolaeva ......................
60. LanguageDocumentation·EvaSchultze-Berndt . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
61. Grammar within the school room · Anke Holler and Markus Steinbach . . . . . . .
Indexes
Languageindex ....................................... Subjectindex .......................................

Show description

Read more

By Eckehard Schulz, Günther Krahl, Wolfgang Reuschel

This e-book provides a entire beginning path for starting scholars of written and spoken smooth usual Arabic (MSA), offering a necessary grounding for profitable communique with audio system of the numerous colloquial kinds. This fashioned and winning textual content has been thoroughly revised with the wishes of English-speaking freshmen in particular in brain, and may end up useful to scholars and academics alike. <LI> step by step advisor to realizing written and spoken texts <LI> Develops conversational skill in addition to examining and writing talents <LI> Arabic-English word list containing 2600 entries <LI> clean texts and dialogues containing updated facts at the heart East and North Africa <LI> contains Arab folklore, customs, proverbs, and brief essays on modern issues <LI> Grammatical phrases additionally given in Arabic permitting scholars to wait language classes in Arab nations <LI> presents a large choice of workouts and drills to augment grammar issues, vocabulary studying and communicative concepts <LI> contains a key to the routines <LI> Accompanying cassettes additionally to be had.

Show description

Read more

The Bloomsbury significant other to Cognitive Linguistics is a entire and obtainable reference source to investigate in modern cognitive linguistics. Written via top figures within the box, the amount presents readers with an authoritative evaluation of tools and present learn issues and destiny directions.

The quantity covers all of the most vital concerns, strategies, hobbies and ways within the box. It devotes area to taking a look in particular on the significant figures and their contributions. it's a whole source for postgraduate scholars and researchers operating inside of cognitive linguistics, psycholinguistics and people extra mostly in language and cognition.

Show description

Read more

By James R. Hurford

Origins of Language: A slender Guide bargains a concise and available evaluation of what's identified in regards to the evolution of the human means for language. Non-human animals speak in basic methods: they can shape basic thoughts, to consider a few constrained empathy for others, to cooperate to a point, and to interact in mind-reading. Human language, in spite of the fact that, is characterised via its skill to successfully convey a variety of sophisticated and intricate meanings. After the 1st easy beginnings, human language underwent an explosion of complexity, resulting in the very advanced structures of grammar and pronunciation present in sleek languages.

Jim Hurford appears to be like on the very different elements of this evolution, overlaying human prehistory; the relation among intuition and studying; biology and tradition; belief, altruism, and cooperation; animal suggestion; human and non-human vocal anatomy; the meanings and kinds of the 1st phrases; and the expansion of complicated structures of grammar and pronunciation. Written by way of an the world over well-known specialist within the box, it attracts on a few disciplines in addition to linguistics, together with philosophy, neuroscience, genetics, and animal behaviour, and should entice quite a lot of readers attracted to language origins and evolution.

Show description

Read more

By Li Wei

This quantity is an up to date, concise creation to bilingualism and multilingualism in colleges, within the place of work, and in foreign associations in a globalized global. The authors use a problem-solving method and ask huge questions on bilingualism and multilingualism in society, together with the query of language acquisition as opposed to upkeep of bilingualism. Key positive factors: presents a cutting-edge description of alternative parts within the context of multilingualism and multilingual conversation offers a serious appraisal of the relevance of the sphere, deals suggestions for daily language-related difficulties foreign guide with contributions from popular specialists within the box

Show description

Read more

By Ryan M. Damerow

Co-published with The foreign learn starting place for English Language schooling (TIRF)

An very important contribution to the rising physique of research-based wisdom approximately educating English to local audio system of Arabic, this quantity provides empirical reviews performed in Egypt, Lebanon, Oman, Palestine, Saudi Arabia, and the United Arab Emirates (UAE)―a zone which has won amazing recognition some time past few a long time. every one bankruptcy addresses a subject of present obstacle, and every comprises implications for coverage, perform, and destiny study. 9 bankruptcy authors are Sheikh Nahayan Fellows―recipients of doctoral fellowships from The overseas study origin for English Language schooling (TIRF). This quantity is the 1st within the international study on educating and studying English sequence, co-published by means of Routledge and TIRF.

Show description

Read more

By Gerdi Quist, Dennis Strik

Accomplished and transparent causes of key grammar styles and constructions are bolstered and contextualized via real fabrics. you won't basically how to build grammar adequately, but if and the place to take advantage of it so that you sound typical and applicable. Dutch Grammar you really want to Know can help you achieve the instinct you want to develop into a convinced communicator on your new language.

Show description

Read more

By Jørgen Dines Johansen

Signs in Use is an obtainable creation to the research of semiotics.
All organisms, from bees to laptop networks, create symptoms, speak, and alternate info. the sphere of semiotics explores the ways that we use those indicators to make inferences concerning the nature of the world.
Signs in Use cuts throughout diversified semiotic colleges to introduce six uncomplicated ideas which current semiotics as a concept and a suite of analytical instruments: code, signal, discourse, motion, textual content, and tradition. relocating from the simplest to the main advanced thought, the booklet steadily widens the semiotic point of view to teach how and why semiotics works because it does.
Each bankruptcy covers an issue encountered in semiotics and explores the most important ideas and suitable notions present in a number of the theories of semiotics. Chapters construct progressively on wisdom won, and will even be used as self-contained devices for learn while supported by means of the vast word list. The booklet is illustrated with a number of examples, from site visitors platforms to city parks, and gives priceless biographies of key twentieth-century semioticians.

Show description

Read more